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Charles Rabittsem


A real sensation was the garden, built by Charles Rabittsem known builder and inventor, and described them in a pamphlet entitled Cement roof, or new hanging gardens, persistent, superior, durable and cheaper than any other type of coverage. Estée Lauder will not settle for partial explanations. " After a demonstration model of the garden at the World Expo 1867 in Paris and published his photographs in Leipzig newspaper put rave reviews: "… This design is not much more expensive roof covered with roofing paper or roofing material, and much cheaper than tile, slate and iron roofs … Roof previously used only to cats and had only gray, will be replaced by lawn, will create additional space for recreation and communication between people … We are waiting for the architects will begin to apply construction of a housing decoration.

There is no doubt that floating in the height of the gardens will find practical application in contemporary and future construction. " In the German magazine "Gartenklaube" Speaking about the experience Rabittsa K., grow grapes on the roof of his house in Berlin, as the prospect of future large-scale construction of such gardens in the cities. In Russia, at the end of the XIX century. gardens adorned the roof of many buildings, mostly profitable buildings in Moscow and St. Petersburg. One of the first was an apartment house on Zaitseva Furshtadtskoy street north of the capital, built in 1877, Building "garden boom" was covered and the merchant class in Moscow. This roof of the house merchant Perlov at Butcher Street with a Chinese pavilion on a tea shop and a small garden on the mansion Morozov Vozdvizhenka (respectively 1893 and 1898.).

Especially popular use roof garden Merchants' Club in Malaya Dmitrovka (now Lenkom Theatre), built by the architect I. Ivanova-Lipschitz in 1908, and the apartment house at the Kuznetsk bridge with a terrace-garden. The owner of the restaurant on the street Dorogomilovskaya D. Rozanov, opened in 1912. spacious garden on its roof, and a year later, more extensive garden with grottos and fountains was constructed over a cafe on the street Dolgorukovskoj. Became famous and the ten-house at the Grand Gnezdnikovsky Lane with a garden and a cinema on the roof – the first "skyscraper" in Moscow, built in the years 1912-1916. This building still amazes as interior, striking interior design of apartments and roof structure. The flat roof of this and still preserved house (architect Nirnzee ER) has been framed by a high parapet with arched openings, through which open a wide panorama of Moscow. Along parapet on the inside of his hand placed boxes with flowers and tall shrubs in tubs. Garden used in different ways: first, for the filming of the species and feature films (one time it was placed in the superstructure Pavilion Studios). Then, when the studio lost its place a cafe called "roof", he was busy tables for visitors and served as a summer open-room cafe. For some time there has been equipped area for roller skating. Curiously, in the construction of the roof of this building was used by the same old cover, as in "riding the gardens of the Kremlin – lead plates, which served as an ideal, but extremely expensive waterproofing. During B – Plan: 1 – inputs to the roof with ladders, 2 – elevators, 3 – a tea pavilion, 4 – landscaped "English" garden with ponds and a creek, 5 – a Victorian garden, 6 – "Spanish" garden, 7 – Orangery repair in 1960. they were replaced by conventional roll coating.

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