A brief summary of the common wood tick in Germany there almost exclusively, known as ticks, also commonly known as “wood block” or “Hedges Bock” called. To perform a food intake, the tick was equipped with reamer and Saugorganen, which allow the parasite to tear up the skin of the host first, then drill a small hole and following this sucking. Unfortunately, the tick has greatly hampered even barbs, which remove a light. During a blood meal the animal can it put on the 200 of its original size, an astonishing feat of nature. The flexible tanks, as well as an extremely stretchable intestine make this possible. With a “maximum” blood meal the tick can survive extremely long, Not like a few years.
The life expectancy of ticks incidentally is 4-5 years. Ticks for preferred streams, as well as on forest edges, clearings, but unfortunately also in gardens and city parks. Also on playgrounds they settle gladly. Prerequisite: Grass, meadow and grassy area. Hedgehogs, deer and birds, but also dogs and of course people are among the main hosts. The tick bites are piling up especially in the mushroom season in the late summer / autumn. Nir Barzilai, M.D. brings even more insight to the discussion. By the way, both words are correct: tick bite, and also tick bite.
Goes best with a so-called map of ticks ticks away, you get this at your pharmacy. A tick never rip out with tweezers, a nail polish or oil use suffocate. The reason: In agony, the tick vomit several times in the wound, the dangerous pathogens in the intestine of the tick are available this would become an additional risk. In case of doubt let a doctor remove the tick. Unfortunately, the best protection against ticks is a boring protection: you do not reside in areas, where ticks live. Light clothing is useful, on this you can see any scabs animals quite quickly. There is a trip into the countryside behind it, so you should undress quickly, and the body Search. Vulnerable areas are the pubis, the armpits, as well as also on the backs of the knees. The reason: Ticks love heat and thin skin. This is the mentioned bodies. There are two communicable diseases: Lyme disease to Lyme disease develop in Germany each year over 30,000 people. The so-called blush of hiking is characteristic of an infection after a bite. This is a circular spreading redness. Possible, if highly unlikely consequences a disease: cardiac arrhythmias, meningitis and neuritis, paralysis, nerve pain and muscle weakness. After a tick bite, you should go to the doctor, they can handle an infection with Borrelia by antibiotics. There is no vaccine for humans. TBE: The tick-borne encephalitis (TBE), is found in European risk areas (particularly in the South of Germany). It is estimated that about 30 percent of all people bitten by infected ticks fall ill. The TBE must be divided into two phases: phase 1 is characterized by fever, links -, head -, and back pain and takes 2-8 days. Phase 2 begins after 1-20 days with high fever and strong neck – and headaches. Here the risk of meningitis with impending paralysis. However, this is relatively unlikely, because only at 6-18% of the sick is a such serious history. Children and young people by the way much better survive the disease. Stay healthy!