The stadiums are: pre-contemplation: the person has still no idea that has a problem, or that is going to have to try to resolve it. According to Prochaska and DiClemente is that he knows that he has a problem, but it is not aware of him. CONTEMPLATION: In this stage appears consciousness. Prochaska and DiClemente placed the subject in an ambivalent State: considers and rejects the change at a time, starting to resolve this ambivalence on the side of change. He decides to do something that isn’t the same as moving it really. PREPARATION: The subjects are ready for action and prepare, even a start date.
Action: Here you already decided to change and takes the necessary steps in that direction. When the person reaches the stage of occurs openly the problematic behavior modification. MAINTENANCE: It strives not to lose what has been achieved in the action phase. It involves considerable work, because the fundamental task is to prevent relapse. It begins six months of producing change and ends when the risk or addictive behavior ends. Processes represent how changes occur.
They are overt or covert activities carried out by the subject to quit their addiction. Tejero (1997) drew up a table with 10 processes of change: increase in awareness (intensification of information on the problem and the benefits of leaving the addictive behavior), relief for dramatization, environmental re-evaluation and autorreevaluacion, which are the processes of change from the pre-contemplation to contemplation and the therapist has to affect them if the subject is in this stadium. The steps towards the action entail the use of cognitive, affective change and processes of evaluation, social liberation, self-liberation (self-confidence in their abilities, self-efficacy), the counterconditioning, stimulus control and control of contingencies are fundamental, as well as having relations of help to reach the phase of maintenance of conduct not drinking. As for example, demonstrations of its atmosphere of friends and his own assessment about his behavior under the effects of this drug, or reassessment when Charlie manages to have self-control and confidence in the conduct of health drink with moderation.